The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts revealed the recipient today, and Chappelle will receive the award at a ceremony at the Kennedy Center Honors on October 27.
Breaking news: #DaveChappelle is the next recipient of the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor!— The Kennedy Center (@kencen) May 7, 2019
Thanks to our presenting sponsor, @CapitalOne, for bringing laughter to the community & helping us celebrate the unparalleled career of a comedy legend. #TwainPrize pic.twitter.com/9LbAbbeECF
The full ceremony will be broadcast on PBS on January 6, 2020.
"Dave is the embodiment of Mark Twain's observation that 'against the assault of humour, nothing can stand,'" Kennedy Center president Deborah F. Rutter said in a statement. "For three decades, Dave has challenged us to see hot-button issues from his entirely original yet relatable perspective."
Chappelle released four Netflix specials in 2017, The Age of Spin and Deep in the Heart of Texas, followed by Equanimity and The Bird Revelation.
In recent years, however, he's also come under fire for sympathizing with Donald Trump and making homophobic jokes.
Past recipients of the Mark Twain Prize include Julia Louis-Dreyfus (2018), Eddie Murphy (2015), Will Ferrell (2011), Tina Fey (2010) and Steve Martin (2005).